Frogs and Their Imitations for Bream and Panfish
I don't care if it is a farm pond in Alabama, a tank in Texas, a slough in Louisiana, a small
lake in Ohio or Oregon, I would be willing to bet that if a bream or other panfish existed
there, it would also have population of frogs. They are one of the most plentiful
amphibians, or animals that spend part of their life underwater and the rest on land. Fish,
including bream, sunfish, perch, and other panfish eat them. Small frogs provide a good
meal for bream. Larger frogs are part of the diet of larger bass. In this article, I am
dealing with small frogs, which are normally baby or young frogs.

Frogs lay their eggs in the water. These eggs hatch into tadpoles. I doubt any of you that
have ever been around warm water haven't seen tadpoles. These tadpole have gills and
a tail that allows them to swim. I said, warm water, but don't let that throw you off. Frogs
also exist where the water freezes over during the winter. The frogs can bury themselves
in mud and survive during the cold winter in harsh climates. They actually hibernate.

We have three categories of frog flies for bream and panfish. They are the slider flies,
popper frog flies and diving frog flies. The popper flies are designed to imitate small frogs
swimming on the surface of the water. The slider flies are designed to float and then dive
under the water when retrieved. This is actually close to the way frogs swim, especially
when they are spooked by a predator. The third type is the diving frog flies. These flies
are designed to dive down into deeper water. They also imitate frogs trying to escape
from predators. The fly you need on any given day depends on a lot of variable, such as
the time of day, the time of year, the weather and other conditions. About the only way to
determine which type to use is by trial and error.

The type of water you are fishing also has a lot to do with the selection. Shallow water is
ideal for the popper flies but also the slider flies, depending on the depth. Of course,
deeper water is better for the diving type.

The type of cover or structure in the water is another factor. You wouldn't use a diving
frog fly in water with weeds or grass near the surface. It would just hang up of course.
Surface flies, or poppers, would be best for that type. If the weed beds or grass beds are
down a foot or so under the surface, the slider frog flies may also work great. Just make
sure the retrieve doesn't allow the fly to catch the weeds or grass.

Another application for the diving type frog flies is around tree tops or logs that are
submerged in the water. This type of structure provides an excellent place for bream to
hide from their predators, such as pike and bass. In this case you would want to cast the
frog fly near the log or large limbs on a the tree top and retrieve it such as to make the fly
dive along side the submerged wood. If the log or top is lying in shallow water near the
surface, you may want to use the slider frog fly. If the top or log is close to the surface or
protruding out of the water, you may prefer the popper frog flies.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
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